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August II. King of Poland, Elector of Saxony

August II. King of Poland, Elector of Saxony

Male 1670 - 1733  (62 years)

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  • Name August II. King of Poland 
    Suffix Elector of Saxony 
    Born 12 May 1670 
    Gender Male 
    Died 31 Jan 1733 
    • Augustus II the Strong (German: August II der Starke; Polish: August II Mocny; May 12, 1670 – February 1, 1733) was as (Kurfürst Friedrich Augustus I) the Elector of Saxony 1694-1733, and later also King of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth 1697-1706 and again 1709-1733. August's great physical strength earned him the nicknames "the Strong“, "Saxon Hercules“ and "iron hand.“ He liked to show that he lived up to his name by breaking horse shoes with his bare hands. His ancestor Cymburgis of Masovia was also noted for her strength. August is perhaps best remembered as a patron of the arts and architecture. He established the Saxon capital of Dresden as a major cultural center, attracting artists from across Europe to his court. He also amassed an impressive art collection and built fantastic baroque palaces there. As a politician, he is not held in high esteem in Poland: He embroiled the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in the disastrous Great Northern War. His attempts at internal reforms and at bolstering the royal power came to naught, while his mistakes allowed the Russian Empire to strengthen its influence over the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Augustus II successfully set out to discover the secret of "white gold," as the porcelain that he produced at Dresden and Meissen was described. In 1701 he rescued the young alchemist Johann Friedrich Böttger, who was fleeing from Fredrick the First's expectation that he produce gold as he had boasted he could. King Augustus II imprisoned Böttger and forced him to reveal the secret of manufacturing gold. Böttger's transition from alchemist to potter was orchestrated as an attempt to avoid the impossible demands of the king. Being an alchemist by profession rather than a potter gave Böttger an advantage in the quest for the secret of porcelain.
    Person ID I2061  Skeel-Kannegaard
    Last Modified 19 Dec 2014 

    Father Johann Georg III. von Sachsen,   b. 1647,   d. 1692  (Age 45 years) 
    Mother Anne Sophie Princess of Denmark,   b. 01 Sep 1647, Flensborghus Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 01 Jul 1717, Lichtenburg Slot Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 69 years) 
    Family ID F0321  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Christiane Eberhardine von Brandenburg-Bayreuth,   b. 1671,   d. 1727  (Age 56 years) 
    +1. Friedrich August II. von Sachsen, King of Poland,   b. 07 Oct 1696,   d. 05 Oct 1763  (Age 66 years)
    Family ID F0323  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Anna Constantia Brockdorff,   b. 17 Oct 1680, Holstein Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 31 Mar 1765, Burg Stolpen in Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 84 years) 
    Married Type: Official mistress 
    Last Modified 1 Feb 2008 
    Family ID F0325  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    August II. of Poland
    August II. of Poland

    Coats of Arms - Scandinavia
    August II (Elector of Saxony) coat of arms
    August II (Elector of Saxony) coat of arms
    August II der Starke

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