Skeel & Kannegaard

Last Name:
First Name:

Louis Alexander von Battenberg, (Ludwig)

Male 1854 - 1921  (67 years)

Personal Information

  • Name Louis Alexander von Battenberg 
    Suffix (Ludwig) 
    Born 24 May 1854 
    Gender Male 
    Died 11 Sep 1921 
    • Persistent rumors that the British Royal Family must be pro-German given their dynastic origins and many German relatives, prompted the King to abandon his subsidiary German dynastic titles and adopt an English surname. At the behest of King George V, Louis relinquished the title Prince of Battenberg in the Grand Duchy of Hesse, as also the style of Serene Highness, on 14 July 1917. At the same time, Louis also anglicized his family name, changing it from "Battenberg" to "Mountbatten," having considered but rejected "Battenhill" as an alternative. On 17 July, the king created him Marquess of Milford Haven, Earl of Medina, and Viscount Alderney in the peerage of the United Kingdom.[1] The King's British relatives in the Teck, Schleswig-Holstein and Gleichen families underwent similar changes. Louis's wife ceased to use her own title of Princess of Hesse and became known as the Marchioness of Milford Haven. His three younger children ceased to use their princely titles and assumed courtesy titles as children of a British marquess; his eldest daughter, Princess Alice, had married into the Greek royal family in 1903, and never had occasion to use the surname Mountbatten. However, her only son, Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark, adopted the name when he became a British subject in 1947. While the transition in names and titles was being effected, Louis spent some time at the home of his eldest son, George. After anglicizing his surname to Mountbatten and becoming Marquess of Milford Haven, Prince Louis wrote in his son's guestbook, "Arrived Prince Jekyll, Departed Lord Hyde". Prince Louis' elder son, George Mountbatten, who received the courtesy title Earl of Medina, succeeded him as 2nd Marquess of Milford Haven in 1921. Prince Louis' younger son, styled Lord Louis Mountbatten after 1917, was created Viscount Mountbatten of Burma in 1946 and then Earl Mountbatten of Burma and Baron Romsey in 1947. He served as the last Viceroy of India. Lord Milford Haven was appointed a member of the Privy Council and was promoted to the rank of Admiral of the Fleet in recognition of his service to the Royal Navy in August 1921. He died in London on 11 September 1921. His remains were buried at Whippingham Church on the Isle of Wight. One of his younger brothers, Prince Henry of Battenberg (1858-1896), married Princess Beatrice, the youngest child of Queen Victoria, and took up residence with the Queen in Britain so that his wife could continue to serve as her mother's companion and private secretary. His youngest brother, Prince Franz Joseph of Battenberg 1861-1924 earned a doctorate based on a dissertation about his brother's reign in Bulgaria, wed HRH Princess Anna Petrović Njegoš 1874-1971 in 1897, a daughter of King Nicholas I of Montenegro, and took up residence in Switzerland. His only sister, Princess Marie, wed the head of a mediatized family, Count Gustaf zu Erbach-Schoenberg, who was elevated, along with the couple's male-line descendants, to Prince and Serene Highness by her cousin, Ernest Louis, Grand Duke of Hesse, in 1903. Marie's memoirs have been published in German and English, and include an account of the family's visit to the ruins of the castle of Battenberg in Hesse. Of the family's two residences in Hesse, the Alexander Palace in Darmstadt returned to the grand duchy as part of the appanaged patrimony of Louis's father, Prince Alexander, from which his children by Julie Hauke were debarred. However, the castle of Heiligenberg in Jugenheim had been bequeathed to Prince Alexander as personal property. During the 1870s, Empress Marie Aleksandrovna, née Princess of Hesse, brought her husband, Tsar Alexander II, her numerous children and a large retinue for annual visits to her brother's little chateau at Heiligenberg, evoking visits from foreign kings, diplomats and matchmaking mothers eager to pay their respects to Russia's Emperor without having to actually travel all the way thither. Not only did these visits put the Hessian grandduchy "on the map", but they enhanced the prestige of the Battenbergs on the Continent. But joint possession of a German property by Louis and Henry in England with their Continental siblings during the Great War proved an untenable embarrassment, so it was sold.
    Person ID I2745  Skeel-Kannegaard
    Last Modified 13 Dec 2014 

    Father Alexander Ludwig von Hessen-Darmstadt,   b. 15 Jul 1823,   d. 15 Dec 1888  (Age 65 years) 
    Mother Julia von Hauke,   b. 12 Nov 1825,   d. 19 Sep 1895  (Age 69 years) 
    Family ID F0528  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Viktoria Alberta von Hessen-Darmstadt,   b. 05 Apr 1863, Windsor Castle Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 24 Sep 1950, London Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 87 years) 
    +1. Victoria Alice Marie von Battenberg,   b. 25 Feb 1885, Windsor Castle Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 05 Dec 1969, Westminster Middlesex Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 84 years)
     2. Louise Alexandra von Battenberg,   b. 13 Jul 1889,   d. 07 Mar 1965, Stockholm Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 75 years)
    +3. George Mountbatten,   b. 6 Dec 1892,   d. 8 Apr 1938  (Age 45 years)
    +4. Louis Francis Mountbatten,   b. 1900, Frogmore House Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1979, Donegal Bay Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 79 years)
    Last Modified 24 Jan 2007 
    Family ID F0189  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

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