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Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher

Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher

Male 1742 - 1819  (76 years)

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  • Name Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher 
    Nickname Marschall Vorwärts 
    Born 16 Dec 1742  Rostock Mecklenburg Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Profession Generalfeldmarschall, Fürst (Prince) von Wahlstatt, Napoleon's Nemesis. 
    Died 12 Dec 1819  Krieblowitz in Schlesien Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • He began his military career at sixteen, when he joined the Swedish Army as a Hussar. At the time Sweden was at war with Prussia in the Seven Years' War. Blücher took part in the Pomeranian campaign of 1760, where he was captured in a skirmish with Prussian Hussars. The colonel of the Prussian regiment, Belling, was impressed with the young hussar and had him join his regiment. He took part in the later battles of the Seven Years' War, and as a hussar officer gained much experience of light cavalry work. In peace, however, his ardent spirit led him into excesses of all kinds, like a fake execution of a priest suspected to support Polish uprisings in 1772. Due to this, he was passed over for promotion to Major. Blücher sent in a rude letter of resignation, which Frederick the Great granted in 1773: Der Rittmeister von Blücher kann sich zum Teufel scheren (Cavalry Captain von Blücher can go to the devil). He then settled down to farming, and in fifteen years he had acquired an honorable independence, a wife, 7 children, and free mason memberships. During the lifetime of Frederick the Great, Blücher was unable to return to the army, but after the king's death in 1786, he was reinstated as a major in his old regiment, the Red Hussars in 1787.
      Blücher took part in the expedition to the Netherlands in 1787, and in the following year was promoted to lieutenant colonel. In 1789 he received Prussia's highest military order, the Pour le Mérite, and in 1794 he became colonel of the Red Hussars. In 1793 and 1794 he distinguished himself in cavalry actions against the French, and for his success at Kirrweiler he was promoted to major general. In 1801 he was promoted lieutenant general. He was put in command of the Army of the Lower Rhine, with General August von Gneisenau as his chief of staff. In the campaign of 1815 the Prussians sustained a serious defeat at the outset at Ligny (June 16), in the course of which the old field marshal was run over by cavalry and lay trapped under his dead horse for several hours, his life saved only by the devotion of his aide-de-camp, Count Nostitz. He was unable to resume command for some hours, and Gneisenau drew off the defeated army, rallied it and sent it off to join Wellington at the Battle of Waterloo. After a tortuous march along muddy paths, Blücher's army intervened with a decisive and crushing effect in the battle. The victory had lead the way to a decisive victory through the relentless pursuit of the Prussians, and the allies re-entered Paris on July 7. Prince Blücher remained in the French capital for a few months, but his age and infirmities compelled him to retire to his Silesian residence at Krieblowitz (now Krobielowice in Poland), where he died in 1819 aged seventy-six.

    Person ID I9329  Skeel-Kannegaard
    Last Modified 10 Dec 2014 

    Father Christian Friedrich von Blücher,   b. 1696, Kirch Mülzow Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1761  (Age 65 years) 
    Mother Dorothea Maria von Zülow,   b. 10 Aug 1702,   d. 6 Jan 1769, Rostock Mecklenburg Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 66 years) 
    Family ID F4648  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

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    Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher
    Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher

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